SBS position on the need to include further Essential Safety Requirements, important for SMEs and users, now missing in the standard ISO 8100-20, Lifts for the transport of persons and goods – Part 20: Global essential safety requirements (GESRs)The interest in preparing non-prescriptive, performance-based, standards having Global Relevance started in ISO more or less at the time when the text of the European Lifts Directive 95/16/EC was being prepared within the EU Commission. The idea was that such standards would be suitable for implementation throughout the whole world without any need for local deviations. In trying to copy the Essential Health and Safety Requirements of the Lifts Directive, ISO TC178 developed a Technical Specification, TS 22559-1, Safety requirements for lifts (elevators) – Part 1: Global Essential Safety Requirements for lifts (GESRs). In this document, by making use of the procedures for risk assessment and risk reduction, new wording, often more appropriate, was proposed for most of the Essential Health and Safety Requirements of Annex 1 of the Lifts Directive. This means, though, that there are some technical differences between the GESRs of the ISO document and the Essential Requirements of the Lifts Directive. The former Technical Specification had been converted into an ISO standard, now ISO 8100-20, although ISO rules require to revise it. In addition, no GESRs were proposed to match those indicated in the Annex 1 of the EU’s Machinery Directive, although the satisfaction of these, for lifts, is clearly made mandatory by reference to them from Annex 1 of the Lifts Directive. This was a major drawback of the Technical Specification and will also be a limitation of the new ISO standard. In particular, it will mean that lifts complying with the standard will not fully comply with the Essential Requirements of the Lifts Directive. The objective of the development of standards within ISO was to have “one global set of standard for lifts” which could be used as identical national standards worldwide, thereby:
- improving global harmonization of technical requirements,
- improving the efficiency of the industry and of all the stakeholders involved.
- SBS members support the substantial work already undertaken, both within CEN TC10 and ISO TC178, and recognise the benefits of this in terms of establishing world-wide safety requirements for lifts.
- SBS members call on ISO TC178 to modify the standard ISO 8100-20 so that it fully allows for the compliance of lifts with the current Essential Health and Safety Requirements of the EU’s Lifts Directive and Machinery Directive for lifts within the EU.
- SBS members call on ISO TC178 to fully implement, for ISO 8100-20, the ISO provisions for the drafting of Global Relevance standards.
- SBS members support the idea that, at an appropriate point in the future, the ISO standard ISO 8100-20 and the Essential Requirements of the Lifts Directive are fully aligned.